ASA-2019-00368 – FreeBSD: Resource exhaustion in non-default RACK TCP stack

While processing acknowledgements, the RACK code uses several linked lists to maintain state entries. A malicious attacker can cause the lists to grow unbounded. This can cause an expensive list traversal on every packet being processed, leading to resource exhaustion and a denial of service. An attacker with the ability to send specially crafted TCP traffic to a victim system can degrade network performance and/or consume excessive CPU by exploiting the inefficiency of traversing the potentially very large RACK linked lists with relatively small bandwidth cost.