OpenSSH 7.7 through 7.9 and 8.x before 8.1, when compiled with an experimental key type, has a pre-authentication integer overflow if a client or server is configured to use a crafted XMSS key. This leads to memory corruption and local code execution because of an error in the XMSS key parsing algorithm.
VMware ESXi, Workstation and Fusion contain out-of-bounds read/write vulnerabilities in the pixel shader functionality. Exploitation of these issues require an attacker to have access to a virtual machine with 3D graphics enabled. It is not enabled by default on ESXi and is enabled by default on Workstation and Fusion. Successful exploitation of the out-of-bounds read issue (CVE-2019-5521) may lead to information disclosure or may allow attackers with normal user privileges to create a denial-of-service condition on the host. The out-of-bounds write issue (CVE-2019-5684) can be exploited only if the host has an affected NVIDIA graphics driver. Successful exploitation of this issue may lead to code execution on the host.
The decompressor used in bzip2 contains a bug which can lead to an out-of-bounds write when processing a specially crafted bzip2(1) file. bzip2recover contains a heap use-after-free bug which can be triggered when processing a specially crafted bzip2(1) file. An attacker who can cause maliciously crafted input to be processed may trigger either of these bugs. The bzip2recover bug may cause a crash, permitting a denial-of-service. The bzip2 decompressor bug could potentially be exploited to execute arbitrary code. Note that some utilities, including the tar(1) archiver and the bspatch(1) binary patching utility (used in portsnap(8) and freebsd-update(8)) decompress bzip2(1)-compressed data internally; system administrators should assume that their systems will at some point decompress bzip2(1)-compressed data even if they never explicitly invoke the bunzip2(1) utility.
Insufficient validation of environment variables in the telnet client supplied in FreeBSD can lead to stack-based buffer overflows. A stack-based overflow is present in the handling of environment variables when connecting via the telnet client to remote telnet servers. This issue only affects the telnet client. Inbound telnet sessions to telnetd(8) are not affected by this issue. These buffer overflows may be triggered when connecting to a malicious server, or by an active attacker in the network path between the client and server. Specially crafted TELNET command sequences may cause the execution of arbitrary code with the privileges of the user invoking telnet(1).
LibreOffice has a feature where documents can specify that pre-installed scripts can be executed on various document events such as mouse-over, etc. LibreOffice is typically also bundled with LibreLogo, a programmable turtle vector graphics script, which can be manipulated into executing arbitrary python commands.
Mozilla developers and community members Andreea Pavel, Christian Holler, Honza Bambas, Jason Kratzer, and Jeff Gilbert reported memory safety bugs present in Firefox 67 and Firefox ESR 60.7. Some of these bugs showed evidence of memory corruption and we presume that with enough effort that some of these could be exploited to run arbitrary code.
Mozilla developers and community members André Bargull, Christian Holler, Natalia Csoregi, Raul Gurzau, Daniel Varga, Jon Coppeard, Marcia Knous, Gary Kwong, Randell Jesup, David Bolter, Jeff Gilbert, and Deian Stefan reported memory safety bugs present in Firefox 67. Some of these bugs showed evidence of memory corruption and we presume that with enough effort that some of these could be exploited to run arbitrary code.
Backend API configuration using Page TSconfig is vulnerable to arbitrary code execution and cross-site scripting. TSconfig fields of page properties in backend forms can be used to inject malicious sequences. Field tsconfig_includes is vulnerable to directory traversal leading to same scenarios as having direct access to TSconfig settings. A valid backend user account having access to modify values for fields pages.TSconfig and pages.tsconfig_includes is needed in order to exploit this vulnerability.